Types of Hernias

There are many types of hernias, each with their own set of unique symptoms, treatments and surgeries (if necessary). The most common types are:

  • Incisional hernia – when the defect is caused by a surgical wound that did not heal properly.
  • Femoral hernia – this occurs more often in women compared to men. There is a thin line when it comes to distinguishing inguinal and femoral but one distinct characteristic is that the hernia is more rounded.
  • Umbilical hernia – this is more common to babies who are of African descent, and mostly occur on boys. Pregnant or obese women are also prone to umbilical hernia. This type of hernia involves the umbilical cord and the protrusion of the contents found on the intraabdominal area.
  • Inguinal hernia – this is the most common type of hernia. Approximately, 75% of all hernias are related to abdominal hernias or the so-called inguinal. This is characterized by having the contents of hernia pushed right through a weak spot found at the inguinal canal’s back wall.

Hernias are not limited to only four types. Other types of hernias include:

  • Amyand’s
  • Velpeau
  • Sports
  • Spigelian
  • Sciatic
  • Sliding
  • Richter’s
  • Properitoneal
  • Perineal
  • Paraumbilical
  • Paraesophageal
  • Pantaloon
  • Obturator
  • Maydl
  • Lumbar
  • Littre’s
  • Epigastric
  • Cooper’s

When there is a visible lump, it is advisable to visit a doctor and ask for a diagnosis whether it’s hernia or other medical condition. It should be treated immediately before undesirable health complications can occur: such as gangrene, organ dysfunction, and death. Yes, hernia will lead to death if left untreated and get worst. If hernia is imminent, it is advisable that the person must not involve in any strenuous labor or activity. When it comes to treatment it usually involves surgery called laparoscopes.

The following are complications that may occur in an untreated hernia:

  • autoimmune problems
  • hydrocele
  • irreducibility
  • inflammation
  • incaceration
  • haemorrhage

As always, if you think you might have a hernia, don’t take our (or anyone on the Internet’s) advice–go see your doctor. Only they will be able to diagnose and treat your injury.

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